Evaluation of Project 25 Inter-RF Subsystem Interface Behavior
There is a need for evaluating the performance of the
P25 Inter-RF Subsystem Interface (ISSI) system in order
to gain insights on the overall system performance including
the audio quality and latency in set-up. As more testing and
demonstration events are planned for testing ISSI prototypes
and products, a simulation tool that models the behavior of
the ISSI system may come in handy
for planning these experiments, but also providing additional feedback
on the system performance for various deployment configurations,
parameters, and as ISSI is interfaced with other technologies.
This is especially true for large deployment topologies where
experimental set-ups and demonstrations may be too costly to realize.
Our objective is to help users gain insights on how the
ISSI interface works,
which should permit the users to simulate various deployment
configurations and parameter settings without the need for procuring
and setting up expensive testbeds and demonstrations.
We are developing a tool that models the
P25 ISSI protocols
and provides the user with a graphical user interface.
The ISSI network simulation tool consists of
- the Graphical user interface (GUI)
, which permits the user to
- the ISSI simulation model, and
- the server.
The GUI has various panels that show
Work flow of the ISSI simulation tool
- the graphical topology of the network,
- a palette of icons for creating a network, and
- the topology and confirguration parameters.
It also has various panels to show the statistics gathered for the simulation
of the scenario. The statistics can be used to evaluate capacity planning of
the links interconnecting the Radio Frequency SubSystems (RFSSs); and delays and packet loses caused by the
call's path, congestion, and elements within the network.
A sample screen capture of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A screen shot of a select statistic
We are developing a model for the ISSI as an extension to the
NS-2 simulation platform.
NS-2 is a discrete event simulator for networking research.
NS-2 contains models for many of the existing network technologies
and protocols upon which new protocols can be added or existing ones
extended or modified. Some example protocols that already exist
for NS-2 that can be used to support the P25 ISSI model are Ethernet,
IPv4, User Data Protocol (UDP), Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
and the Real-time transport protocol (RTP).
The server is based on Java. The server manages user authentication,
retrieves the script file, launches the simulation, monitors the
simulation's progress, and provides the result files.
Presentation on modeling and network simulation, an introduction to the ISSI messages and procedures, and an example network scenario.
Our ISSI model (an NS-2 extension) includes the call control manager,
mobility manager, and transmission control manager as specified in
TIA-102.BACA-A, as well as extensions to existing NS-2 Session
Initiation Protocol (SIP) models.
- The call control manager enables the establishment and termination of talk
group calls and subscriber unit to subscriber unit (SU-to-SU) calls, as well as the various configuration parameters (e.g., priority, availability check, emergency call/ non-emergency call).
- The mobility manager handles the movement of the subscriber units (SU) from RFSS to RFSS.
- The transmission control manager hanldes the transmission of the RTP (e.g., voice) packets.
Emerging and Mobile Network Technologies Group